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The History of Fireworks That Often Become a Symbol of Celebration in the World
Gita Laras Widyaningrum - Tuesday, June 4, 2019 | 10:00 a.m.
In celebration of 'Eid in Dubai', visitors can see the spectacular fireworks display. Dubai Tourism
In celebration of 'Eid in Dubai', visitors can see the spectacular fireworks display.

Today, fireworks are a symbol of celebration in almost all the world. Ahead of Eid al-Fitr, some people also lit fireworks to increase the fun. 

Seen dating from ancient China to the New World, fireworks have grown significantly.

The first firework–a gunpocus firecracker–is very simple and only emits a 'pop' tone. The modern version, however, can now lead to a variety of shapes, sounds, and colors.

The beginning of fireworks

Many historians think that fireworks were invented in China. According to the American Pyrotechnics Safety plus Education Foundation, approximately A.D. 800, chemical experts in China mix potassium nitrate, sulfur, charcoal, and successfully cause raw gunpo shot.

That's not their initial target. The following chemists are actually trying to create a recipe for eternal life. The Chinese believe that explosions can drive away evil spirits.

Although they fail to come from the main target, but what they create can change the world today.

To create the world's first fireworks, they wrapped gunpocus into bamboo shoots and threw them into the fire to cause a loud explosion.

After that, fireworks evolved. Bamboo shoots are replaced together with tubes derived from paper. However, this time they did not directly throw the tube into the fire, but instead use tissue paper as an wick.

In the 10th century, the Chinese came to understand that they could cause bombs to come from gunpopower. They also become used to attach firecrackers to arrows before shooting enemies.

Two hundred years. Next, fireworks are developed to resemble rockets: they can be released into the opponent's area without the use of arrow support. This technology is still used today–especially during fireworks displays.

Celebration symbol

In 1295, Marco Polo brought fireworks from China to Europe. Later, in the 13th century, gunpowder and recipes for creating it were spread there—as well as the Arabian Peninsula—through French diplomats, explorers and missionaries.

From there, the West developed gunpoweapons into more powerful weapons such as cannons and rifles.

Even so, Westerners have always defended the original idea of fireworks and used them during celebrations. In medieval times, comedians even lit fireworks to entertain their audiences.

Fireworks as part of the entertainment included approved by British leaders. The first fireworks in the United Kingdom were lit to celebrate Henry VII's wedding in 1486.

Not to be outdone, Peter the Great, the Tsar of Russia, hosted a five-hour fireworks display during the birth of his son.

When the Europeans then traveled to the New World (The Americas), their fireworks recipes were carried away. According to History.com, Captain John Smith was the first person to light fireworks in Jamestown, Virginia, in 1608.

Even so, the formalities of fireworks in America, only to be worked on July 4, 1776, to celebrate the Declaration of Independence.

Until now, every commemoration of U.S. Independence Day (Fourth of July), always enlivened along with fireworks displays.

Colorful fireworks

During the Renaissance, pyrotechnic schools (techniques for making fireworks and firecrackers) sprung up in Europe. The students there were taught to create an elaborate explosion.

In Italy, fireworks are very popular. In the 1830s, people in the country, provided small amounts of metal and other materials to increase the brightness of light and create various forms against firework explosions.

They include being able to give color to fireworks. At that time, all the fireworks were orange.

However, Italians are not happy with this. They then become a mix of various compounds – creating a fireworks colour similar to that of the moment.

They use strontium to evoke red, barium for green, copper for blue, and sodium for yellow.